Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) – A Centrally sponsored Pilot Scheme – Complete Detail
Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) – A Centrally sponsored Pilot Scheme
This is A rural development programme in all over India .
Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) is a Scheme or we can say an initiative for the empowerment of those sections that are deprived from development .
This Initiative Scheme is held by Government of India and From our Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi, PMAGY completely aims to achieve group development of selected villages through convergent implementation of all relevant Central and State schemes launched so far.
Launching Details of Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY)
PMAGY scheme was launched in March, 2010 by setting a a landmark on the basis of integrated development of up-to 1000 selected villages each with more than 50% SC (Scheduled Cast ) population
According To the Census Report – Scheduled Castes, who constitute 16.6% of our population as per 2011 Census, have historically suffered social disabilities and educational and economic Deprivation
Vision of Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY)
For Detailed Information download this attachment – pmagy guidelines-revised-2015-english
This is the rural growth program started by the Indian Central government during the 2009-10). This program is specially for the growth of villages with a ratio (more than 50%) of persons of the scheduled castes by union of central & state schemes & allocating monetary support on for each village.
The scheme intended to carry a number of growth plans for the villages. Few of the plans are Bharat Nirman, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) for roads in rural areas, water delivery, accommodation, electrification & several big-ticket plans such as Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, ICDS, hygiene. This agenda would be pertinent to approximately 44,000 villages.
According to factors – What is a Model Village
A Model village is one which has respectively
- physical and institutional infrastructure, in which minimum needs of all sections of the society are fully ;
- People live in harmony with each other, as also with the environment
- A village which is progressive and dynamic
- Villages should be covered with all the facilities necessary for dignified living,
- Environment in which all its residents are enabled to utilize their potential to the
- villages should, inter alia, satisfy the following norms
A Model village is one which has adequate physical and institutional infrastructure, in which
Note : All the data has been derived from the Official Website Under Pradhan mantri Aadarsh Gram Yojana
- Should be connected to the nearest major road by an all-weather road. Likewise, in case of a multi-hamlet village, all hamlets should be connected with each other by an all-weather road.
- Access for all to safe drinking water on a sustainable basis.
- All houses should have electricity.
- The village should have slush-free internal roads, and adequate street lighting.
- Village should have adequate communication facilities, such as post-office, telephones, and, if possible, internet, and Bharat Nirman Common Service Centre (being established by the Deptt. of Information Technology).
- Availability of adequate banking facilities through regular (brick and mortar) branches in the village or in close proximity, and through Business Correspondent/Business Facilitator Model.
- All residents should have adequate housing, and there should be no homeless family.
Sanitation and Environment
- The village should have a high degree of sanitation- it should be free from dry latrines, and open defecation, and should have sanitary toilets, drains and an efficient waste disposal system. It should, as far as possible, fulfil “Nirmal Gram Puraskar” norms.
- The Village should take care of its environment through (1) planting trees, (2) water harvestation and maintenance of water bodies (3) use of renewable sources of energy, such as biogas, solar energy, wind energy, (4) use of smokeless chulhas, etc.
Social Infrastructure, Human Development and Social Harmony
- Should have an Anganwadi centre and schools of appropriate levels.
- The village should have adequate and attractive building for its anganwadi, school, health centre, panchayat, and community hall. The village should have adequate facility for sports and other physical activities.
- All children in the age-group of 3-6 should be enrolled in, and regularly attend the Anganwadi. Likewise, all children in the 6-14 age group should be enrolled in, and regularly attend school.
- All adults should be at least functionally literate, and should have access to facilities for continuing education.
- Access for all to primary health care and Reproductive Child Health (RCH) facilities, with proper pre-natal and ante-natal care for mothers.
- 100% institutional deliveries, full immunization of children, and observance of the small family norm.
- The village as a community should take special care of its women, children (especially girls), senior citizens, and persons with disabilities.
- There should be no public consumption of liquor or any other intoxicating substances, and their use in general should be discouraged.
- The village should have an active Gram Sabha/Gram Panchayat, women’s/swarozgaris’ Self-help Group, youth club and Mahila mandal.
- There should be no caste-based discrimination, complete eradication of untouchability, and a due sense of security and dignity among the weaker sections.
- Residents of the village should be aware of and exercise their constitutional and legal rights. Likewise, they should also be aware of and discharge their fundamental and civic duties.
- All youth and adults of the village should have adequate employment and means of livelihood, and there should be adequate arrangements for development of skills among them, so that as many of them as possible are in skilled employment.
- Progressive and efficient practices, based on new technology, should be used in all the economic activities pursued in the village, especially in agriculture, animal husbandry, fisheries etc.
- Should have adequate access to remunerative prices for agricultural and other produce of the village.
Vision Of Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana is to ensure that village has above described facilities for inhabitants.
List Of schemes That has been Selected Under Adarsh Gram Yojana
Schemes selected that can be implemented through Pradhan Mnatri Adarsh Gram Yojana
Here I am providing you a complete list of all the scheme that has been selected through Centeral Government which can be implemented to the villages chosed for Pradhan Mnatri Adarsh Gram Yojana
- Scheme of Educational Development
- Pre-Metric Scholarship to Children of those engaged in Unclean Occupations
- Post- Metric Scholarship
- Scholarship for “Top Class Education”
- National Overseas Scholarship
- Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship
- Up gradation of Merit
- Schemes of Economic Development
- Special Central Assistance to SCSP
- Self Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers
- National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation (NSCFDC)
- National Safai Karmcharis Finance and Development Corporation (NSKFDC)
- State Scheduled Castes Development Corporations (SCDCs)
- Social Empowerment and Other Schemes
- Scheme for Implementation of PCR Act, 1955 and SC and ST (POA)
- Assistance to Voluntary Organizations working for the Welfare of SCs
- National Award for outstanding work in combating untouchability and atrocities again
There are total 17 Schemes that has been selected and will be implement to all the villages tp the time through out –
Objective of Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) – A Centrally sponsored Pilot Scheme
The ideal situation for a model village in terms of its physical and social infrastructural facilities can be conceived in the following framework
To ensure integrated development of the selected villages into “model villages” so that, inter alia,
- They have all requisite physical and social infrastructure for their socio-economic development, and satisfy the norms mentioned in the vision of an adarsh gram to the maximum possible extent.
- Disparity between SC and non-SC population in terms of common socio- economic indicators (e.g. literacy rate, completion rate of elementary education, IMR/MMR, ownership of productive assets, etc.) is eliminated, the indicators are raised to at least the level of the national average, and
- All BPL families, especially those belonging to SCs, have food and livelihood security, and are enabled to cross the poverty line and earn an adequate livelihood
- All children complete at least eight years of education, and
- Incidence of malnutrition, especially among children and women, is eliminated.
- Untouchability, discrimination, segregation, and atrocities against SCs are eliminated, as are other social evils like discrimination against girls/women,alcoholism and substance (drugs) abuse, etc., and all sections of society are able to live with dignity and equality, and in harmony with others.
State Selected For PMAGY
This Scheme was launched During 2009 and 2010 , Currently there are 5 states that has been selected as far in this scheme as follows with reason details.
Area Covered Till so far in PMAGY –
Presently the scheme is being implemented in five States of the country viz Assam, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.
Total Number of Villages in Five States
Implementation and Plan For Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana –
The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India. To ensure focused attention, the selected States are to select villages from same, or 2-3 contiguous districts and give preference to the more backward districts. The development of the villages has to be ensured through:
- Convergent implementation of existing Schemes of the Centre and State Governments, and
- The works which could not be covered under the above, to be taken up through provision of “gap-filling” funds for which central assistance is provided @ Rs. 10 lakh per village revised to Rs. 20 lakhs per village at an average w.e.f. Sep. 2011, with State Government also expected to make a suitable, preferably matching, contribution.
Based on the experience gained in the pilot phase, the scheme will be considered for implementation on a larger scale
The target is integrated growth of the chosen villages to have every necessary physical & public infrastructure required for surrounding socio-economic growth. Another aim is removal of difference between SCs & other society in conditions of frequent socio-economic pointers like literacy rate, success rate of basic education, child /maternal death rate & possession of prolific possessions To guarantee the execution
committees an consultative commission with chief as the Deputy Chief Minister & a navigation commission with chief as the Chief Secretary have been created.
Funding Approved for Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana
In the starting stage the Centre had given a total INR55.54 crore (US$10.05 million) to state of Assam, Bihar & Rajasthan.
As a steer scheme the agenda was executed in thousand villages in Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan & Tamil Nadu having an portion of INR100 crore (US$18.1 million) and every village will obtain INR10 lakh (US$18,100) every year.
In 2011, September yearly grant on the scheme was increased to INR20 lakh (US$36,200) for every village & INR194 crore (US$35.11 million) are already exhausted in these villages up to this time. In the 12th 5 Year scheme the government aims to gather 44,000 villages and with a share of INR50 lakh (US$90,500) to every villages
The plan For PMAGY
The scheme targets to make an “Adarsh Gram” (Model village} that consists of sufficient physical & institutional infrastructure, with fully meeting the minimum requirements of every sector of the public. The village that is progressive & dynamic & its inhabitants live in accord. Every facility required for grand livelihood should be obtainable & the inhabitants are permitted to use their latent completely.
Timeline Approved by Government for PMAGY
the following time limit has been approved
that must be achieved by this scheme.
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